Heart arteries provide oxygenated blood to the heart. Your blood-pumping organ gradually suffers when you have coronary heart disease, which is an accumulation of plaque in your arteries that prevents proper blood flow to your heart. This condition increases your chances of a heart attack.
Heart stenting may treat this issue and improve the blood circulation immediately after a coronary incident. Cardiac stents are tiny metal mesh tubes that surgeons insert during angioplasty and leave a damaged artery. This supports and keeps artery walls open to ensure proper blood flow to your heart.
Angioplasty and stenting have saved a lot of patients who have had heart attacks. More than improving blood circulation to your heart, it prevents further damage and eliminates heart disease symptoms, including angina or chest pain and breathing difficulties. More often, you may feel the results instantly.
In addition, cardiac stents may potentially eliminate a bypass surgery, which is ideal as this operation is an invasive procedure. The recovery period is likewise shorter, taking several days to a week only.
Shifting to CABG Surgery
Approximately, a third of individuals who underwent angioplasty without stenting experienced the re-narrowing of the opened artery a couple of months following the procedure. Doctors call this restenosis, which heart stenting may easily treat in most cases.
In this case, doctors may use new drug-eluting stents, which are medication-coated stents that aid in preventing the reclosing of the artery. On the other hand, if the cardiac stent fails and the artery reclose again, doctors may recommend coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery.
Conventional stents or bare metal cardiac stents do not have medication coating. Regardless of the type of stent used, it is important to continue taking anti-clotting medication as instructed by doctors.
Stenting Helps, Not Cures
Take note that although stenting may yield remarkable results and improvements, it does not cure heart diseases. You still have to manage risk factors, which include hypertension, high levels of cholesterol, smoking and excess weight, and start living a healthier lifestyle.